Why an ED glossary? This comprehensive glossary has been created to give parents a quick reference tool that explains, in simple lay language, the terms used in the research, management and treatment of eating disorders. It is designed to empower parents by helping them understand a very complex range of illnesses in order to converse with their treatment providers, ask the right questions, understand the answers, and ultimately plan and execute the most effective course of treatment.
Many of the terms are broad and may be employed in other areas of medicine or mental health; the definitions provided here apply specifically to their meaning within the context of eating disorders. Additional source references are provided for those wishing to delve deeper. The EATING DISORDERS GLOSSARY is researched, written and maintained by F.E.A.S.T - Families Empowered and Supporting Treatment of Eating Disorders, an international non-profit organization. The definitions and explanations provided here have been edited with the help of members of FEAST's Professional Advisory Panel. The definitions are designed to inform and explain the terms factually according to the best evidence available. They do not seek to advise you on any course of treatment; that should remain the domain of your treatment providers. To protect the quality of information, the glossary cannot be edited by readers.
However, we openly solicit comments, corrections or modifications on existing material as well as your suggestions for additional terms on the vast subject of eating disorders. Send your suggestions and comments to. About F. Hitachi Flora 310 Drivers Downloads. E.A.S.T. -- Families Empowered and Supporting Treatment of Eating disorders -- is an international organization of and for parents and caregivers. A non-profit organization founded in 2008, F.E.A.S.T.' S mission is to help loved ones recover from eating disorders by providing information and mutual support, promoting evidence-based treatment, and advocating for research and education to reduce the suffering associated with eating disorders.
Physiological changes and body modifications lead to great vulnerability. This vulnerability is connected to the adolescent’s perceptions of the uncertainty of.
The organization is run by a board of directors, almost all of whom are parents of sufferers, and it is guided by a Professional Advisory Panel of eating disorders experts from the United States, France, United Kingdom and Australia. S founding principles: •.
The physical body is the first and foremost basis for an individual's sense of self. Every individual sets some standards for his/her ideal physical appearance. Body image is the way a person perceives, thinks, and feels about his or her body (Grogan, 2008).
If a person experiences dissatisfaction with this image, it is labeled as body dissatisfaction. Body dissatisfaction is said to result from a discrepancy between one's perceived body and one's ideal body (Niide et al., 2011; Showers & Larson, 1999). According to Littleton and Ollendick (2003), body dissatisfaction increases with age and peaks during adolescence particularly in women.
Large number of researches (Knauss, Paxton, & Alsaker, 2007; McCabe & Ricciardelli, 2009) provide evidence that the majority of girls and women are dissatisfied with their bodies, particularly with weight, size, and shape. Girls have been found to be experiencing body dissatisfaction even at the age of seven.
The Wild Swans Incandescent Rar Files. From a very young age, girls learn that thin is synonymous with beauty, happiness, success, and youth (Tiggemann, 2011). The message of the thin ideal is internalized and girls try their best to achieve this ideal. Body dissatisfaction among women has been found to be so common in Western societies that it is considered to be normative discontent (McLaren & Kuh, 2004). Earlier, psychologists had assumed that body dissatisfaction was a phenomenon mainly related to women but later research (Gorgan, 2008) showed that men also experience dissatisfaction with their bodies and at least one-third majority desires to be more muscular.
Psychologists called this phenomenon the drive for muscularity (Murnen, 2011). Body dissatisfaction has been found to be linked with different psychological problems including depressive mood (Stice, Hayward, Cameron, Killen, & Taylor, 2000), anxiety (Ivezaj et al., 2010), social physique anxiety (Brunet, Sabiston, Dorsch, & McCreary, 2010), and social phobia in both girls and boys (Paxton, Neumark-Sztainer, Hannan, & Eisenberg, 2006). Due to the implications of body dissatisfaction, it is important to study this phenomenon in Pakistani culture. Some research work that has been done on body dissatisfaction in Pakistan focuses on exploring the risk factors associated with body dissatisfaction (Farooq, Latif, Abideen, & Khan, 2010; Khan, Khalid, Khan, & Jabeen, 2011).
However, no effort has been made to explore the culture specific nature of body dissatisfaction. With increased awareness of the psychological problems associated with poor body image and body dissatisfaction, researchers (Brown et al., 1990; Stewart & Williamson, 2004) during the past two decades have focused on the development of many instruments to measure body image and body dissatisfaction. There have been two frequently used approaches to measure body dissatisfaction that is figure rating scales and questionnaires. The most popular figural rating scales were developed by Stunkard et al. (1983) and Thompson and Altabe (1991). The Figure Rating Scale developed by Stunkard et al. (1983) was used in the present research as it is a neutral, unbiased, and culture fair method of assessing the degree of body dissatisfaction experienced by an individual.
Some popular questionnaires to measure body dissatisfaction include the Body Esteem Scale by Franzoi and Shields (1984). This scale includes a list of various aspects of one's physical body, and the respondent is required to rate their degree of satisfaction or dissatisfaction with that part. This scale included many items which were not culturally appropriate such as sexual activities, sex drive, sex organs, agility, and reflexes. Another scale which has been frequently used is The Body Dissatisfaction Scale of the Eating Disorder Inventory (EDI) by Garner, Olmstead, and Polivy (1983). The items of this scale are only related to four areas of the body namely, hips, thighs, buttocks, and stomach.